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{香港JR設計 HK JR Design} 綠色設計理念在室內設計中的應用與研究

The research Center of Ministry of Science and Information Technology of The People's Republic of China is a key project of the national Science and Technology Development Research Plan during the 13th Five-Year Plan period

國家科學信息技術部研究中心“十三五”全國 科學技術發展研究規劃重點課題

"Computer Information Technology application and research" project

“計算機信息技術應用與研究”課題

Project "Green design concept in interior design application research" project results compilation

課題“綠色設計理念在室內設計中的應用研究”課題成果匯編

 

主持人:JR DESIGNP ROJECT CONSULTANT(HK)CO.,LTD(香港理工大學)

張祥(RAYMOND)

參研成員:張祥(RAYMOND)



Abstract: In recent years, with the continuous development of China's economy and society, the concept of green new ecology has gradually penetrated into the interior decoration design concept, and is widely used in the decoration in recent years. However, some new ecological green design in the implementation process has not been well implemented to implement the concept of green development, interior design lack of green heritage. This topic aims at exploring the application of green design concept in interior design, and proposes some feasible suggestions, hoping to contribute to the healthy development of green design concept in interior design.

摘要:近些年,隨著我國經濟社會不斷發展,綠色新生態化理念已經逐步參透到室內裝修設計理念中,并在近幾年的裝修中廣泛應用。但是,一些新生態綠色環保設計在實施進程中沒能很好貫徹落實綠色發展理念,室內設計缺乏綠色底蘊。本課題旨在探討綠色設計理念在室內設計中的應用,從中提出一些可行性建議,希望有助于綠色設計理念在室內設計中的健康發展。

Key words: green design; Interior design; Environmental protection; Resource consumption; Man and nature 

關鍵詞:綠色設計;室內設計;環保;資源消耗;人與自然

1. Significance, value and theoretical support of the topic

1. 選題的意義、價值和理論支持

1.1 Theoretical significance of the topic

1.1 選題的理論意義

With the development of market economy informationization, new green environmental protection design concept has been the subject of a new era, is the first choice for families of interior decoration design, more and more designers prefer to decorate the scenery "shift" in the design, clever with the help of the new type of green environmental protection and energy saving, low carbon environmental protection material, to build a healthy, comfortable living environment of human beings, Give people a relaxed feeling of living in nature, not only can edify the life interest, but also can promote the sustainable development and utilization of natural resources. Research on the application of green design concept in interior design is helpful to enrich the relevant theoretical research content and further improve the theoretical research system.

隨著信息化市場經濟的發展,新生態綠色環保設計理念成為新時代的主題,是千家萬戶的室內裝修設計的首選,越來越多的設計人員更喜歡把風景入裝修設計,巧妙借助當前綠色環保新型節能、低碳環保材料,構建一個健康、舒適的人類居住環境,給人一種身居自然的輕松感受,既能陶冶生活情趣,又能促進大自然資源可持續開發利用。綠色設計理念在室內設計中的應用研究,有助于豐富相關理論研究內容,進一步完善理論研究體系。

1.2 Practical significance and value of the topic

1.2 選題的實踐意義和價值

With the popularization of the concept of environmental protection and energy saving, etc, people under the aware of the problem of yan started in various fields to launch the "green" fashion, and interior design field, is one of the fields which is closely linked with the people living, many interior designers under the impetus of the trend, from a deeper probe into green interior design and the relationship between the strategy of "sustainable development", It tries to establish a production mode that can develop harmoniously among people, society and environment. This kind of exploration marks a major revolution in the field of interior design, and the concept of green interior design was born from this, which has become one of the mainstream modes of interior design today. The application research of green design concept in interior design has significant practical significance and research value.

隨著環保與節能等理念的不斷普及,人們在意識到問題嚴性的情況下開始在各個領域展開著綠色時尚, 而室內設計領域,則更是與人們生存息息相關的領域之一,許多室內設計人員在大勢的推動下,從更深層次的探究綠色室內設計與可持續發展戰略的關系,力圖在人與社會、環境三者之間建立起一種能夠和諧發展的生產方式,這種探究,標志著室內設計領域在進行著一場重大的變革,綠色室內設計理念也由此而誕生,成為了當今室內設計的主流方式之一。綠色設計理念在室內設計中的應用研究,其實踐意義和研究價值顯著。

1.3 Theoretical support for the research

1.3 課題研究的理論支撐

Sustainable development has become one of the main goals of our times. Environmentally friendly products and environmentally compatible manufacturing methods are favored by the market, especially those with excellent design. Volume I of Green Design focuses on products in different areas that fit the principles of environmental sustainability, including resource-saving raw materials and production methods, energy-efficient or self-powered energy use methods, and fair and friendly production and trade methods. Fussy, original or luxurious design can hardly stand on its own in today's world, where environmental protection and sustainability are the main selling points in today's market. The principle of environmental protection is also widely applied in the manufacturing process of products. For example, some products can save resources in production, have low emissions in use, and realize environmentally friendly recycling treatment at the end of the life of products. The principle of recycling and converting unconventional materials, rather than simply discarding them, is particularly important. Volume ii of Green Design shows us the rich and colorful creative strategies in environmentally compatible design in recent years.

可持續發展已成為當今時代的主要目標之一。環保產品和與環境兼容的制造方法備受市場青睞,特別是那些設計優秀的產品。《綠色設計》卷主要介紹契合環境可持續性發展原則的不同領域的產品,具體內容包括:可節約資源的原材料和生產方式,節能或自我供能的能源使用方式,以及公平友好的生產貿易方式等等。過分講究的、獨創的或奢侈的設計在當今時代已經很難獨立存在,因為產品的環保性和可持續原則已成為當今市場的主要賣點。環保原則還廣泛應用在產品的生產制造過程,例如有些產品生產時可節約資源,使用時低排放,產品生命結束時可實現對環境比較友好的回收處理。非常規材料的回收及產品轉換,而不是將之簡單廢棄,這一原則尤其值得重視。《綠色設計》卷向我們展示了近年來在環境兼容設計中豐富而多彩的創意策略。

1.4 Definition of related concepts

1.4 相關概念的界定

Where the word "green" came from. Green is a symbol of life. In terms of its natural attributes, green comes from the material representation of plants. Green conveys the image of freshness, ideal, hope and growth. "Green" symbolizes life, peace, youth, health, comfort and safety. It is because of this that green has become a synonym for the virtuous cycle of ecological environment. The core concept of "green design", which takes green as the attribute, is to create a design system that conforms to the law of the virtuous cycle of ecological environment. In the professional category of interior environment design, green design is the phrase with the highest frequency and the most fashionable at the turn of the century. It is necessary for us to have a comprehensive understanding of green interior design. The concept of green design. The concept of green design is to reflect the best state of human ideal living environment, which is different from all kinds of design thoughts in the past. It tries to establish a coordinated development mechanism between "human, society and environment" through design activities.

綠色二字的來源。綠色是生命的象征,綠色就其自然屬性而言來源于植物的物質表象,綠色所傳達的清爽,理想,希望,生長的意象,綠色的本意代表綠色植物是,生態系統的支柱,維持各種生命體生存的生態環境。綠色象征著生命、和平、青春、健康、舒適安全。正因如此綠色才成為生態環境良性循環的代名詞, 以綠色作為定語的綠色設計,其核心概念就是創造符合生態環境良性循環規律的設計系統。在室內環境設計的專業范疇,綠色設計是世紀之交出現頻率最高也最為時尚的一個詞組。我們有必要對綠色室內設計有一個全面的認識。綠色設計的概念。綠色設計概念是體現人類理想生存環境的最佳狀態,它有別于以往形形色色的各種設計思潮,力圖通過設計活動在社會環境之間建立起一種協調發展的機制。

2. Ideas, objectives and specific contents of the research

2.  課題研究的思路、目標和具體內容

2.1 Research ideas

2.1 課題研究思路

Only designers and human society have the concept of green design, interior design will be more forward, reduce the consumption of resources and energy; Only when the interior space is green design, other space and even the whole natural space will become more harmonious, people's living environment will be guaranteed, the harmonious coexistence between man and nature will not be far away, and sustainable development can be achieved. This topic aims at exploring the application of green design concept in interior design, and proposes some feasible suggestions, hoping to contribute to the healthy development of green design concept in interior design.

只有設計師和人類社會都擁有綠色設計概念,室內設計才會更加向前發展,減少對資源和能源的消耗;只有室內空間做到了綠色設計,其他空間乃至整個自然空間都會變得更加和諧,人們的生存環境才會有保障,人與自然和諧相處才不會遙遠,才能實現可持續發展。本課題旨在探討綠色設計理念在室內設計中的應用,從中提出一些可行性建議,希望有助于綠色設計理念在室內設計中的健康發展。

2.2 Research objectives

2.2 課題研究目標

Interior design is an indispensable part of our lives, and the green in interior design is also the focus. Green design plays a pivotal role in interior decoration, running through interior design from conception to space division, to construction to layout and decoration and other aspects. Interior design has the duality of material function and spiritual function. Green design is to adhere to meet the requirements of spiritual function on the basis of reasonable material function. It should not only innovate, but also work hard on the overall effect and usability. We have to go further. I believe that in the future, interior design will be more reasonable, more progressive, better.

室內設計是我們生活中不可或缺的組成部分,而室內設計中的綠色誰及也是重點。綠色設計在室內裝飾中有著舉足輕重的地位,貫穿于室內設計從構思到空間分割,到施工到布局擺設等各方面。室內設計具有物資功能和精神功能兩重性,綠色設計就是堅持在滿足物資功能合理的基礎上,滿足精神功能的要求,既要創新,也要在整體效果,可用性上下功夫。我們必須朝著更遠的方向去發展。相信在以后,室內設計一點會更合理、更進步、更美好的。

2.3 Research content

2.3 課題研究內容

Research on the application of green design concept in interior design. The specific research contents are as follows:

綠色設計理念在室內設計中的應用研究,具體研究內容如下:

(1) The origin of green design in interior design

(1) 室內設計中綠色設計的由來

Is also called the green design, green design, the concept of dating back to America in the 1960 s, is a campaign to oppose waste of resources and industrial pollution ecological imbalance caused by the consumer movement, the concrete used in the design of the product and its process of whole process, fully consider its the damage to the environment, make our products to minimize the use of resource consumption. Although the concept of green design is not far away from us, it is still in a preliminary stage, but it has become an unstoppable trend in design. Green design concept in interior design, obviously we can understand that the green design concept throughout the whole process of interior design. Of course, in concrete practice, we must ensure people's basic functional needs, and at the same time, ensure people's comfort, make people's life more healthy, green and organic, and ease the tension between man and nature.

綠色設計,又稱環保設計,該概念的提出可追溯到 20 世紀 60 年代的美國,是一場旨在反對資源浪費和工業污染造成生態不平衡的反消費運動,具體指在產品的設計及其使用過程的全部過程中,充分考慮其對環境造成的危害,使產品的使用對資源消耗降到最小。雖然綠色設計理念概念的提出時間離我們并不遙遠,還處于一個初級階段,但是它已經成為設計中不可阻擋的趨向。室內設計中的綠色設計理念,顯然我們可以理解為把綠色設計理念貫穿于室內設計的全部過程。當然,在具體實踐中,必須在保證人們基本功能需求的同時,保障人們的舒適度,讓人們的生活變得更加健康、綠色有機,緩解人與自然的緊張關系。

(2) The necessity of green design application in interior design

(2) 室內設計中綠色設計應用的必要性

There are many reasons for incorporating green design concepts into interior design, and here are a few important ones.

在室內設計中融入綠色設計理念的原因有很多種,這里就幾個重要的因素進行講解。

1. Start from China's reality. Interior design or other design has long put forward the issue of green environmental protection, especially in western countries, their design development originated earlier, the same problem is also earlier than our country. While the West has woken up to the need for green design, China seems to have shrugged it off. China is a populous country, the pursuit of rapid economic development has exacerbated the environmental deterioration rapidly, China should pay attention to green design, because only by improving the environment, the earth can run healthily, and people can have room to live. Every year in China, children with formaldehyde poisoning are hospitalized in a large number of cases. Formaldehyde is a common problem in interior design. We are aware of it, but we have not taken practical action to change the result. Indoor space is the space where people stay for the longest time. Only from interior design can we breathe healthy air and have the ecological environment we depend on for survival.

1、從中國的實際出發。室內設計或其他設計早已提出綠色環保問題,特別是西方國家,他們的設計發展起源早,同樣的出現問題也早于我國。當西方國家意識到綠色設計的必要時,中國似乎不以為然。中國是一個人口大國,快速發展的經濟追求使環境惡化加劇迅速,中國應該重視綠色設計,因為只有改善了環境,地球才能健康運行,人們才有生存空間。每年我國因為甲醛中毒的小孩住進醫院的案例不在少數,甲醛是室內設計中常見的問題,我們意識到了,但卻沒有采取實際行動去改變這個結果。室內空間是人停留時間最長的空間,只有從室內設計出發,我們才能呼吸道健康的空氣,才能擁有賴以生存的生態環境。

2. Start from the designer's social responsibility. Designer is the executor of design, through design to convey information, create beautiful space, designers make life more beautiful. The concept of green design is integrated into the design, and the idea of green design is spread. The most important role is the designer. The news of environmental deterioration comes from all around, such as global warming, haze, rising sea level and so on. Design is the most important way to make people realize the severity of the problem, which is the responsibility of designers. Through interior design works, designers convey green design information to people from the aspects of materials, colors, space layout, etc. Every time people see, hear and feel is reasonable and healthy products and space environment, and people will naturally have environmental awareness.

2、從設計師的社會責任出發。設計師是設計的執行者,通過設計傳遞信息,創造美的空間,設計師讓生活變   得更加美好。在設計中融入綠色設計理念,傳播了綠色設計思想,最重要的角色是設計師。環境惡化的消息從四周傳來,如全球變暖、霧霾、海平面上升等等。如何才能讓人們意識到問題的嚴峻,設計是最重要的方式,這是設計師的責任。設計師通過室內設計作品,從材料、顏色、空間布局等方面向人們傳遞綠色設計信息,人們每看到的、聽到的、感觸到的都是合理、健康的產品與空間環境,人們自然而然就會擁有環保意識。

(3) The characteristics of the application of green design concept in interior design

3 綠色設計理念在室內設計中應用的特點

1. The concept of green design runs through the whole process of interior design. Green design is applied in interior design, stay on idea not only. In the design side to waste natural resources and energy phenomenon, the biggest part is the construction technology and materials. With the progress of science and technology and the improvement of national comprehensive ability, people's life has become richer, and the requirements for design have also increased, but there have also been some problems, such as excessive decorative design. Therefore, green design should run through the interior design from every aspect. In the application of materials, through the development and innovation of technology, there are many environment-friendly materials, such as: raw earth materials in construction; In the color collocation, designers more consider the integration with the natural environment, such as: green, a variety of comfortable plant colors; In the extension of space, the designer sprinkled the outdoor natural sunlight into the interior through the large glass Windows, and reflected the outdoor landscape into the interior space, such as: Fallingwater villa in Japan; In the construction process, the designer also pay special attention to, as far as possible not to damage the original building structure and materials. A design is not finished, it also focuses on consumer experience and feedback, so as to promote the improvement and progress of the design. Therefore, green design not only considers the current feeling, especially the living space, but also comprehensively considers the safety and comfort of people in the next few decades, so that people can enjoy health for a long time.

1、綠色設計理念貫穿于室內設計的全部設計過程。綠色設計在室內設計中的應用,不只停留在觀念上。在設計方面對自然資源和能源造成浪費的現象中,最大一部分便是施工工藝與材料。隨著科技進步與國家綜合能力的提高,人們生活變得富裕起來,對設計的要求也提高,但也出現了一些問題,如:過度裝飾設計。因此,綠色設計應該從每一個方面貫穿于室內設計。在材料應用上,通過技術的發展與創新,出現了許多環保材料,如:建筑中的生土材料;在色彩搭配上,設計師更加考慮與自然環境的融合,如:綠色,各種舒適的植物顏色;在空間延伸上,設計師通過大玻璃窗,將室外自然陽光灑入室內,將室外景觀映入室內空間,如:日本的流水別墅;在施工工藝上,設計師也特別講究,盡量不破壞原有建筑結構與材料。一個設計并非做完了就結束了,它還注重消費者的體驗與反饋,從而推動設計的完善與進步。因此,綠色設計不僅僅考慮當前的感受,特別是居住空間,會對人們未來幾十年的安全性、舒適度進行綜合考慮,讓人們持久享受健康。

2.many special plants become the new decoration of interior green design. Green design definitely includes plants, want to be more intimate and harmonious with nature, we move the landscape into the interior space. Succulent plant is very popular in interior design application, succulent just walked into people's field of vision in recent years. The reason why succulent is put into the interior space is mainly because of its function. First, it can purify the air. We use the meat to the computer, reduce the computer's radiation to the human body, and purify the indoor uncomfortable smell, let the air become more fresh. Secondly, it has a decorative function. Succulents are planted in small POTS to make people feel "cute". In addition to small potted plants, also can be placed in a large area, and the reorganization of succulent and other plants design landscape, small and delicate, by a lot of office space white-collar workers love, windowsill, desk can be seen everywhere.

2許多特殊植物成為室內綠色設計的新裝飾。綠色設計肯定是包含植物的,想與大自然更親密地和諧的相處,    我們將景觀移入是室內空間。多肉植物在室內設計中的應用非常受歡迎,多肉是近幾年才走進人們的視野。多肉被放入室內空間的原因,主要是考慮其功能。首先,它可以凈化空氣。大家把多肉運用到電腦旁,減少電腦對人體的`輻射,同時凈化室內不舒服的氣味,讓空氣變得更清新。其次,它具有裝飾功能。將多肉放在小盆里栽種, 讓人覺得萌萌噠。除了小盆栽,也可以大面積擺放,還有多肉與其他植物的重組設計景觀,小巧而精致,受到了許多辦公空間的白領們的喜愛,窗臺、辦公桌等隨處可見。

3. Green design-themed interior space. Many interior designs are themed around green design. Such as restaurant design, many businesses to the theme of the restaurant positioning green restaurant, from cutlery, food, and then to the whole space environment are fully reflected in the concept of environmental protection. I remember an investigation in Jiangxi province, we went to a restaurant named "Great Adventure", my teacher and I discussed for a long time, the design concept of this restaurant is: 500 years ago, the environment is a harmony between man and nature, there is no such air pollution problems, join to give you a chance, you will cherish and protect 500 years ago it? Yes, 500 years ago let our living space deteriorated, we should all reflect on their own behavior, as designers, we should advocate green design from the perspective of design, practice green design. In fact, many restaurant tableware began to use fruits, vegetables and so on instead of, such as wax gourd, pumpkin, gourd and so on, which makes people eat very healthy, there is no bad impact on the environment.

3、綠色設計主題室內空間。許多室內設計都以綠色設計為主題。如餐廳設計,很多商家把餐廳的主題定位綠   色餐廳,從餐具、食物,再到整個空間環境都充分體現了環保概念。記得在江西的一次考察,我們去了一家名為大探險的餐廳,我和老師討論了許久,這家餐廳的設計理念是:500 年前的環境是人與自然和諧相處,沒有這些空氣污染問題,加入給你一次機會,你會珍惜和保護 500 年前的它嗎?是的,500 年前讓我們的生活空間變質了,我們都該反思自己的行為,作為設計師,我們應該從設計的角度去提倡綠色設計,踐行綠色設計。其實很多餐廳的餐具開始用水果、蔬菜等代替,如冬瓜、南瓜、、葫蘆等等,這讓人吃得很健康,對環境也沒有不良影響。

(4) The application of green design concept in interior design

4 綠色設計理念在室內設計中的應用

1. Reasonable layout of interior space. Space is the main body of interior design. Before design, we must fully understand and analyze interior space, and combine the size, pattern and direction of interior space with reasonable and feasible methods to carry out program design. In the interior design should be on the basis of the design principles to give the interior space some unique vitality, design a healthy, beautiful, comfortable, environmental protection living environment. Rational layout and design of the interior space to achieve the best lighting and ventilation effect, to achieve the reuse of the natural environment. If be in sitting in the house design that faces south, should reduce the height that faces south windowsill as far as possible, the height that faces north windowsill is raised correspondingly at the same time, such design can expand insolation range not only, and natural daylighting effect is better, also be advantageous to the circulation of indoor air, design the indoor environment that gives a winter warm summer cool, north and south to appear thereby. In the interior design, on the premise of ensuring the practicality and comfort of the interior design, we should also do a good job in functional zoning, so that the interaction between each functional space, at the same time can also be part of the smaller space designed as storage space, so as to improve the utilization rate of space.

1、室內空間的合理布局。空間是室內設計的主體,在設計前必須要充分了解與分析室內空間,并結合室內空間的大小、格局、方向等運用合理、可行的方法進行方案設計。在室內設計時應在設計原則的基礎上賦予室內空間一些獨特的生命力,設計出健康、美觀、舒適、環保的居住環境。對室內空間進行合理的布局與設計,以取得最佳的采光和通風效果,實現對自然環境的重復利用。如在坐北朝南的房子設計中,應盡量降低朝南窗臺的高度, 同時將朝北窗臺的高度相應提高,這樣的設計不僅能擴大日照范圍,且自然采光效果更佳,也有利于室內空氣的流通,從而設計出一個冬暖夏涼、南北通透的室內環境。在室內設計時,保證室內設計實用性和舒適性的前提下還應做好功能分區,以便各個功能空間之間的相互影響,同時還可以將部分較小的空間設計成儲存空間,從而提高空間的利用率。

2. green furniture. In the process of interior design, furniture decoration is an important part of the design. In traditional interior design, people pay more attention to the price, style and service life of furniture when choosing furniture, and pay insufficient attention to the material and safety of furniture. Based on the concept of green energy saving and environmental protection, in the choice of furniture, should choose the furniture with green environmental protection material is given priority to, such as part of the log, bamboo, and other furniture, and the material of furniture mainly package log furniture, bamboo furniture and rattan furniture, and also require that these furniture material must have a special effect. In interior design, should regard as design principle with use, environmental protection, undertake processing through the respect such as the quality of a material to furniture, craft and structure, with simple line, environmental protection material and clever space regard design as key point. Through the application of these green, environmental protection furniture, can effectively reduce the release of formaldehyde and other harmful solvents, so as to meet people's requirements for safety and environmental protection. At the same time, natural elements can be introduced in the design process, and natural elements such as flowers and trees can be rationally run into the interior design, which can not only bring the beauty of interior decoration, but also play a role in purifying air and other effects, which is conducive to improving the quality of people's living environment.

2、綠色環保家具。在室內設計的過程中,家具裝飾是設計中的重要組成部分。在傳統室內設計中,人們在選擇家具時更多重視的是家具的價格、樣式、使用壽命等,對于家具的材質、安全性等重視不足。基于綠色節能環保理念,在選擇家具中,應選擇以綠色環保材質的家具為主,如部分原木、竹制等家具,而家具的材質主要包原木家具、竹家具以及藤家具等,而且還要求這些家具材質必須要具有特殊的功效。在室內設計中,應以使用、環保作為設計原則,通過對家具的質地、工藝及結構等方面進行處理,以簡單的線條、環保的材質及靈動的空間作為設計重點。通過應用這些綠色、環保家具,能有效減少甲醛等有害溶劑的釋放,從而滿足人們對安全、環保的要求。同時,可在設計過程中引入自然要素,將花草、樹木等自然要素合理運行到室內設計中,不僅能給室內帶來裝飾的美感,還能起到凈化空氣等效果,有利于提高人們的生活環境質量。

3. Application of low-carbon materials. To interior stylist, small space pattern is treated completely as a delicate handicraft to be made. The interior space pattern should be combined with the local geographical environment, the perennial wind direction, and people's living habits. The application of low-carbon environmental protection materials should be determined according to the characteristics of each household, but generally the safety and ventilation performance should be better. As far as environmental protection is concerned, recycled raw materials are preferred, such as wallpaper made of wheat straw. As to chemical composition content is too high, contain those who radioactive material decorate material to want to prohibit to use especially. The low carbon of interior design decoration materials means not only to improve the utilization efficiency of energy and renewable materials, but also to pay attention to the reuse of conventional energy and non-renewable energy. Interior designers need to make full use of natural energy such as sunlight and air. They should try to replace non-renewable energy with new energy and new materials, and make use of indoor decoration materials repeatedly to avoid soil pollution and construction waste, so as to create a low-carbon interior decoration environment.

3、低碳材料應用。對于室內設計師來說,小小的空間格局完全被當做一件精美的工藝品來打造。室內空間格局的打造要結合當時當地的地理環境、常年風向,以及人們的生活習慣。低碳環保材料的應用要根據每戶的特點而定,但大致都要要求安全性和通風性能要好。就環保來說,可循環利用的原生態材料是首選,譬如麥秸稈制成的墻紙。至于化學成分含量太高,特別是含有放射性物質的裝修材料則要禁止使用。室內設計裝飾材料的低碳是指不但要提高能源和可再生材料的利用效率,還要重視對常規能源與不可再生能源的再次利用。室內設計人員需要將陽光與空氣等自然能源充分利用起來,應當盡量通過新能源和新材料將不可再生能源替代,多次利用室內的裝修材料,規避土壤污染與建筑垃圾的出現,營造出低碳的室內裝飾環境。

4. Light environment. Usually we divide light environment into artificial light environment and natural light environment. Sunlight is an important part of the natural light environment. When the light from the sun changes with the flow of time and weather, it has a direct impact on the light environment. Artificial light sources, such as signal lights, incandescent bulbs and laser lamps, are produced by humans using tools and energy. In order to achieve the purpose of reducing the consumption of mineral resources, in the selection of lamps, it is necessary to choose energy-saving light bulbs and LED light energy-saving products. LED lights have the advantages that ordinary lights do not have, such as being able to be associated with different types of sensors, and finally achieve infrared control, light control and other automatic control functions. In the courtyard lighting and community lighting at night, the activity information can be collected by infrared sensors, and the control light can be automatically adjusted, so as to achieve energy saving. In addition, compared with ordinary lights, LED lights do not have mercury vapor, which can pollute the atmosphere, and do not form a lot of heat energy. Second, LED will not appear flashing phenomenon, the eye can play a protective role, there will not be ultraviolet radiation generation, can prevent mosquitoes around, maintain the room inside the clean and tidy. Make good use of natural light to prevent the waste of energy caused by using light during the day when the room is dark. Natural light is related to the location, material, orientation, and size of the opening. The interior design should take into account the different orientations of the rooms and make full use of natural light through flexible lighting methods.

4光環境。通常我們將光環境分成人工光環境和自然光環境兩種。太陽光是自然光環境中的重要組成部分。當太陽光的光線隨著時間的流動和天氣出現改變的時候,都將對光環境產生直接的影響。人類采用工具以及能源產生的如信號燈、白熾燈以及激光燈等光源便是人工光源。為了實現降低礦物資源的消耗的目的,在燈具選擇的時候,必須選擇如節能燈泡以及 LED 燈燈節能產品。LED 燈有著一般的燈不具備的優點,比如說能夠和不同類型的傳感器相關聯,最終達到紅外控制、光控等各種自動控制的功能。在庭院照明和社區的晚上照明中,能夠通過紅外傳感器收集到人的活動信息,對照明燈進行自動調控,從而實現能源的節約。另外,和一般的照明燈相比,LED 燈沒有會污染大氣環境的水銀蒸汽,也不會形成大量的熱能。其次,LED 還不會出現閃爍現象,對眼睛可以起到保護作用,也不會有紫外線產生,可以防止蚊蟲的環繞,維持房間里面的干凈整潔。充分的將自然光利用好,可以防止白天由于房間陰暗而使用照明造成的能源浪費。自然光和采光口的位置、材料、朝向以及大小是有關系的。在進行室內設計時,應該考慮到房間的不同朝向,通過靈活的采光方式,實現對自然光的充分利用。

5. Air environment system. The ambient system of air involves three parts: air temperature, the speed of air flow in the room and humidity. The quality of the air environment has a great impact on the health of the human body. People can feel the temperature. Too high temperature will lead to heat stroke, and too low temperature will lead to cold. High temperature is also easy to cause the deformation and mold of indoor decorations and furniture, mold will stimulate the human body. Too low temperatures can lead to dryness, which can lead to dry mouth, cleft lip, respiratory problems and nosebleeds. Statistics show that the relative humidity in a room is best maintained between 40 and 70 percent. The quality of the air can be improved if the air velocity in the room is in the appropriate range. The factor such as humidity, natural temperature, ventilation should be made full use of as far as possible when carrying out interior design. Indoor decoration materials should be selected as hygroscopic, heat-absorbing and relatively stable materials. When designing the pattern, the position of doors and Windows must be considered to ensure that each space in the room can give full play to the role of ventilation and ventilation of doors and Windows.

5、空氣環境系統。空氣的環境系統涉及到空氣溫度、房間內空氣流動的速度以及濕度三個部分。空氣環境的質量好壞對人體的健康有很大的影響,人能感知到溫度高低,溫度過高會導致中暑,過低會導致感冒,最合適的室內溫度在二十一到二十三攝氏度之間。溫度過高也容易造成室內的裝飾品以及家具的變形和生霉,霉會對人體產生刺激。溫度過低容易產生干燥,容易讓人患上口干唇裂、呼吸道疾病以及流鼻血的問題。相關數據表明,房間內的相對濕度最好保持在百分之四十到百分之七十之間。房間內的空氣流動速度處于合適范圍內可以使空氣的質量得到改善。在進行室內設計的時候應該盡可能地充分利用濕度、自然溫度、通風等因素。室內的裝飾材料應該選擇吸濕、吸熱并且比較穩定的材料類型。在進行格局設計的時候,必須考慮門窗的位置,確保房間內各個空間都可以將門窗的通風換氣作用充分發揮起來。

6. Organic combination of design concept and design method. Interior design based on the concept of green energy saving and environmental protection must attach importance to the combination of design concept and specific design methods. If design in hard space, must use soft design, zero material cost design and other decorative ways. Hard space soft design refers to the use of appropriate and feasible design methods based on the materiality of the house structure. Soft design is mainly based on the structure of the room, through the use of different materials and colors to decorate the interior space design, in order to change people's psychological and physiological feelings of the space content. In the process of interior design, designers must combine the concept of green energy saving and environmental protection with the design method, such as the use of light change segmentation, and maintain the permeability of the indoor environment while dividing the space. Compared with wall partition, through the application of lighting skills, can effectively dig out the performance potential of design elements, can reduce the consumption of decorative materials, not only can enrich people's requirements for indoor environment beauty, but also reflects the interior design of green energy saving and environmental protection concept.

6、設計理念與設計方法的有機結合。基于綠色節能環保理念進行室內設計,必須要重視設計理念與具體設計方式的相結合。如在硬空間中設計,必須要采用軟設計、零材料費設計等裝飾方式。硬空間軟設計是指基于房體結構的物質性采用合適、可行的設計方法進行設計。軟設計主要是基于房體構造進行的,通過采用不同材質與色彩對室內空間進行裝飾設計,以改變人們心理上與生理上對空間內容的感受。在室內設計過程中,設計師必須要將綠色節能環保理念與設計方法相結合,如利用燈光變化分割,并在分割空間的同時保持室內環境的通透性。相對于墻體隔斷,通過應用燈光技巧,能有效挖掘出設計要素中的性能潛質,能減少裝飾材料的消耗,不僅能豐富人們對室內環境美感的要求,也體現了室內設計的綠色節能環保理念。

(5) Suggestions on the application of green design concepts in interior design

5 在室內設計中應用綠色設計理念的建議

1. Reduce resource consumption. Advocate simple design idea, as far as possible to reduce the consumption of resources, in the consumption of the least energy to achieve the established design effect, through the scientific application of environmental protection materials, to ensure that there is no toxic substances in the decoration materials, so as to reduce the impact of decoration on the environment. At the same time, in the process of interior design, but also to maintain a high energy saving society.

1、減少資源消耗。提倡簡約設計思想,盡可能的減少資源消耗,在消耗最少能源的情況下達到既定的設計效果,通過對環保型材料進行科學的應用,確保裝飾材料當中沒有毒害物質存在,從而降低裝修對環境的影響。同時,在進行室內設計的過程中還要對社會節能保持高

2. Resource recycling. Pay attention to the effective use of resources, the design should try to avoid the waste of resources, and strengthen the recycling of waste resources, constantly improve the utilization rate of resources, actively transform the recycling resources, so that they can become new decorative items, in addition, but also to strengthen the application of high-tech materials, The use of high-tech materials to replace the fragile materials, so that the materials can obtain a longer service life.

2、資源回收利用。注重資源的有效利用,設計當應盡量避免資源浪費問題,并對廢棄資源加強回收利用,不斷提升資源的利用率,對回收資源進行積極的改造,使其能夠成為新的裝飾物品,此外,還要對高科技材料加強應用, 使用高科技材料對易損材料進行取代,使材料能夠獲得更長的使用壽命。

3. Reflect the beauty of natural ecology. The integration of ecological elements should be strengthened to fully reflect the design concept of harmonious development between man and nature. Interior design should not only meet the functional needs of the interior, but also reflect the ecological benefits of the design, so that the interior can be filled with cultural and ecological atmosphere. Through the green design concept, the effective construction of ecological homes can be realized. Close to nature, improve the feeling of pressure in the concrete city, and the integration of green plants and buildings in line with the concept of sustainable development.

3、體現自然生態美。加強生態元素的融入,充分體現人與自然協調發展的設計觀念,室內設計不但要滿足室內   的各項功能需求,同時還要體現設計的生態效益,使室內能夠具有人文氣息和生態氣息,通過綠色設計理念,實現生態家園的有效構建。親近大自然,改善都市人在混凝土城市中的壓迫感,同時綠色植物與建筑的融合符合可持續發展理念。

3. Research results

3. 課題研究成果

Society in constant development, also indicates the decoration industry in our country there will be more broad prospects for development, so it is need in be being designed indoors better energy-saving and environmental protection and green decoration, at the same time, constantly changing the concept of interior decoration industry, further study of the green ecological design theory and technology, so as to better promote the application and development of green ecological design.

社會在不斷的發展,也就預示著我國的裝飾行業將會有更廣闊的發展前景,所以更是需要在室內設計中更好的應用節能環保和綠色裝飾,同時不斷的轉變室內裝飾行業觀念、進一步的研究綠色生態設計的理論和技術,從而更好的促進綠色生態設計的應用和發展。

At present, the indoor green design was based on the interior design, based on the concept of green design, the principle of environmental protection and energy saving, in order to meet different people on the interior decoration material and cultural needs, the application of the concept of green design in interior design, the renovation of the internal environment of the building, USES the advanced material technology and principle of interior decoration, The value-added work of deep processing of the interior space of the building is to realize the use value of the residential property by arranging the concrete material according to a certain combination principle. The application of green design concept in interior design also has many technical aspects. First of all, from the design scheme, we must follow the principles of green environmental protection, energy saving and emission reduction, combine customer needs, extract design elements, lock style intention, and creatively design interior project overview, material performance and cost. Secondly, in terms of design connotation, designers' cultural literacy and conception, fully consider the overall environment and resource consumption, pay attention to indoor environmental protection, reduce various consumption, and prevent secondary pollution. Third, pay attention to the details of design and implementation, in the process of project decoration, timely recovery of all kinds of waste materials, to protect the safety of the ecological environment. Finally, the purpose of indoor green design is to create a new green and energy-saving ecological environment for human habitation, which is conducive to people's health and safety, to achieve a certain unity of social, economic and environmental benefits, and to create favorable conditions for human sustainable development.

當前,室內綠色設計是建立在室內設計基礎之上,立足綠色設計理念,環保節能的原則,為滿足不同人群在室內裝修上的物質文化需要,綠色設計理念在室內設計中的應用,對建筑物內部環境的裝修改造,采用先進的物質技術手段和室內裝修原理,對建筑物內部空間進行深加工的增值工作,是通過把具體的物質材料按照一定組合排序原理,實現其居住性的使用價值。綠色設計理念在室內設計中的應用中還柔和許多技術性的方面。首先,從設計方案來說,必須遵循綠色環保,節能減排的原則,結合客戶需求,提取設計元素、鎖定風格意向,創造性的設計室內項目概況,材料的性能與成本。其次,設計內涵來說,設計人員的文化素養和構思,充分考慮總體環境和資源的消耗,注重室內環境保護,降低各種消耗,防止二次污染。再次,注重設計實施細節,在項目裝修的過程中,及時回收各種廢舊下腳料,保護生態環境安全。最后,室內綠色設計目的是為人類居住創造一個綠色節能新生態環境,有利于人們的生活健康安全,使社會、經濟以及環境效益達到一定統一,為人類可持續發展的創造有利條件。

4. Some thoughts

4.幾點思考

Principles of interior green design: 1. Harmless principle of material selection: The harmless principle of interior decoration to people is mainly reflected in the decoration material suppliers, which involves the understanding of the concept of environmental protection materials. Use safe materials as much as possible in the decoration process; 2. Principle of simplification of materials: to advocate reasonable use of materials and moderate decoration, to make reasonable arrangement of decoration materials under the condition of changing the design mode and meeting the requirements of owners, to reduce garbage materials and avoid recycling waste; 3. Principle of green natural Landscape: Indoor green design should also consider the compatibility of interior and surrounding environment. Strive for organic combination with the environment, improve living comfort and health.

室內綠色設計的原則:1.選材無害化原則:室內裝飾對人的無害化主要體現在裝飾材料商,涉及到對環保材料概念的認識。在裝飾過程中盡可能選用安全的材料;2.用材簡化原則:提倡合理用材適度裝修,在設計方式的改變,在滿足業主要求的情況下合理安排裝飾材料,減少垃圾材料,避免循環浪費;3.營造綠色自然景觀原則: 室內綠色設計還應該考慮室內與周圍環境的兼容性。力求與環境的有機結合,提高居住的舒適性和健康性。

The development direction of green design: people all yearn for the quiet childhood, in the tense life hope the environment around him to give him a little happiness. Therefore, on the road of survival and development, design and creation cannot do without the gift of nature. With the growth of environmental protection awareness, people yearn for nature, and natural drinks, natural materials, desire to live in the natural green environment. On this basis, designers are constantly working on "returning to nature", creating new texture effects and using concrete and abstract design techniques to make people associate with nature.

綠色設計的發展方向:人們都向往兒時的寧靜,在緊張的生活中希望自己身邊的環境給予自己一點安樂。所以在生存發展的道路上,設計和造物一刻也離不開大自然的恩賜。隨著環境保護意識的增長,人們向往自然,和天    然飲料,用自然材料,渴望住在天然綠色環境中。在此基礎上設計師不斷在回歸自然上下功夫,創造新的肌理效果,運用具象的抽象的設計手法來使人們聯想自然。

The outlook of green design concept in interior design: 1. Integrate oneself into nature: closure has produced many environmental problems, and environmental factors have become the main body of human survival interests. Breaking the closure makes the interior open again, and creates interior space integrated with the natural environment, which has become the key factor of green interior design. 2. Establish a virtuous cycle ecosystem: Establish an indoor ecosystem that is compatible with the ecological system of the earth and can have a virtuous cycle, which is the basic point of green design of indoor environment. 3. Create an indoor environment atmosphere consistent with "green" : only the ecological indoor environment at the technical level is not a complete indoor green design. We also need to meet the human spirit of the pursuit of high cultural taste of the environment. 4. The future of interior "green design", now proposed as forest City. Under the condition of solving the living environment in the city, the interior design should be cleverly conceived, so that everyone can get close to nature. Under this assumption, the requirements put forward by designers are also aggravated.

綠色設計概念在室內設計中的展望:1.把自己融入大自然:封閉產生了諸多的環境問題,環境因素成為人類生存利益的主體,打破封閉使室內再次走向開放,創造融會于自然環境的室內內部空間,成為綠色室內設計的關鍵因素。2.建立良性循環的生態系統:建立與地球生態系統相適應,能夠良性循環的室內生態系統,這是室內環境綠色設計的基本點。3.營造與綠色相符的室內環境氛圍:僅技術層面的室內環境生態化,還不是完整的室內綠色設計。我們還需要滿足人類精神追求的高文化品位的環境氛圍。4.室內綠色設計的未來,現在提出的森林城市的設想。在解決城市中居住環境的條件下,在室內設計上加以巧妙的構思,人人都可以親近自然,在這設想下,給設計師提出的要求也加重了。


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